This article presents an overview of the status of research in the field of medical education in India.
It is becoming more necessary for medical schools to have research programs that can shape up professionals who are well equipped with the technicalities and skills to ensure effectiveness of their educational practices. This information is crucial to design curriculum modifications to ensure that the educational objectives of the undergraduate or graduate programs are met. Until now, research in medical education has had a limited education, defined by the researchers of particular interest. To meet the demands for ‘accountability’ in these times, it is necessary to generate research priorities and have experienced & qualified faculty who make effective use of current methodologies and practices to educate the students.
The medical education at the Indian universities and colleges involve a continuum that ranges from basic research essential to investigating routine clinical practice, and goes through progressive stages of clinical and applied research, new developments, evaluation (benefits and costs), and dissemination of results. Moreover, it is a multidisciplinary research, with multiple factors and circumstances involved in obtaining results.
In recent years, the condition of biomedical research has improved drastically. The number of researchers has increased, and investment in research, development and innovation has grown proportionately more than the gross domestic product. Biomedical production, compared to other sectors, is also progressing well, with a number of scientific publications from Indian scientists and researchers, present in the international databases.
Biomedical research is an important activity for the success of any strategy aiming to improve the health of citizens. Integrating research with clinical practice promotes a higher quality of health services and better and faster implementation of scientific advances in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases. You cannot develop quality research without medical practice, and vice versa.
Depending on your immediate goals and the skills, we can distinguish different forms or types of biomedical research:
Preclinical or basic research: This type of research seeks a better understanding of the molecular, biochemical, cellular, genetic, pathophysiological, and epidemiological studies of diseases or health problems.
Clinical research: The sole objective of clinical research is to study the effectiveness of prophylactic, diagnostic and therapeutic knowledge of the natural history of disease (developed in individuals).
Epidemiological research: It deals with public health or health services (developed in populations), which aims to study the frequency, distribution and determinants of health needs of the population, and try to determine the effectiveness, quality and costs health and resource distribution.
The best-known colleges in India offering courses and research programs in the field of medicine are:
- Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER), Pondicherry
- Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Kolkata
- Surat Municipal Institute of Medical Education, Surat
- Maharashtra Institute of Medical Education & Research, Pune
- Post graduate Institute of Medical Education & Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh
- Department of medical education & research, Chandigarh
- Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education &Research, New Delhi.
However, the situation can be improved and considering the fact that our contribution is still considerably lower than in European Union countries, we need to pay attention towards a secured future in the medical field. It is desirable that in the immediate future, more and more investments should be made in the field of medical research and education, and achieve the higher levels both at industrial and educational levels.
Author Bio: Rashmi Karan writes for Shiksha.com, a foremost name in the arena of education, offering solution to all education related queries and dilemmas. Explore to learn about professional courses like MBA available across different colleges and universities in India.